The Outsiders
Everyone just wants somewhere to belong.


By
Kelly Duncan
Madeline Dalziel
Marilyn Chan
Trena Noval


Table of Contents:
Overview
Introduction
    • Introducing the Outsiders
    • Getting Ready
    • Anticipation Guide
    • Understanding Stereotypes Activity #1
    • S.E. Hinton
    • Unit Vocabulary Preview
    • Journal Prompt
Novel Notebook
    • Novel Notebook
Chapters 1-3
    • Section 1 Preview
    • Vocabulary
    • Characterization
    • Understanding Stereotypes Activity #2
    • Read to Understand: Flashback
    • Read to Understand: Conflict
    • Comprehension Questions
    • Journal Prompt
Chapters 4-6
    • Section 2 Preview
    • Vocabulary
    • Read to Understand: Cause and Efffect
    • Read to Understand: Allusion
    • Art Connection
    • Read to Understand: Details
    • Conflict Resolution
    • Understanding Stereotypes, Part 3
    • Comprehension Questions
Chapters 7-9
    • Section 3 Preview
    • Vocabulary
    • Sequencing Events
    • Identifying Characters
    • Reading to Understand: Details
    • Understanding Stereotypes, Activity 4
    • Nonfiction Connection: The Psychology of Gangs
    • Section Questions
Chapters 10-12
    • Section 4 Preview
    • Vocabulary
    • Reading to Understand: Inferencing
    • Conflict Conclusion
    • Poetry Connection: "Mother to Son"
    • Today's Problems
    • Section Questions
Wrap-Up
    • Final Activities
Pronouns
    • Overview
    • Subject Pronouns
    • Object Pronouns
    • Possessive Pronouns
    • Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns
    • Other Kinds of Pronouns
    • Pronoun Review
Topic:
Novel Study
Themes:
Coming of Age
Gangs
Junvenile Justice System
Robert Frost Poetry
S.E. Hinton
Stereotyping
Youth Violence
Focus Content Area:
English/Language Arts

Secondary Content Area:
Fine Arts
History/Social Science
Reading
Grade Level:
6
7
8


Overview:

The Outsiders, by S.E. Hinton, is a coming of age story centered around the life of Ponyboy Curtis, his brother Darryl and Sodapop, and their group of buddies, the greasers. Ponyboy, the narrator, becomes a very different person at the end of the novel as the events of his life change him in positive and negative ways. This unit of study will look at The Outsiders as well as supporting poetry and non-fiction text. 



Introduction:

Introducing the Outsiders

Ponyboy is fourteen, tough and confused, yet sensitive behind his bold front. Since his parents’ death, his loyalties have been to his brothers and his gang, the rough, swinging, long-haired boys from the wrong side of the tracks. When his best friend, Johnny, kills a member of a rival gang, a nightmare of violence begins and swiftly envelops Ponyboy in a turbulent chain of events.

For each section, the introductory page will list all of the assignments and have links to each of them. More detailed pages for the assignments follow the introduction page. 

Introductory Section Assignments




Getting Ready

Below is a series of statements. Circle the response that most closely indicates how you feel about that statement.

1. You can tell a lot about a person by the clothes he/she wears.

Strongly Agree     Agree      Not Sure     Disagree     Strongly Disagree

2. Most people pick friends who have similar interests and backgrounds.

Strongly Agree     Agree      Not Sure     Disagree     Strongly Disagree

3. It's easy to make friends with lots of different people.

Strongly Agree     Agree      Not Sure     Disagree     Strongly Disagree

4. You can tell a lot about a person by the friends he/she has.

Strongly Agree     Agree      Not Sure     Disagree     Strongly Disagree

5. You can recognize intelligent people by the way they look.

Strongly Agree     Agree      Not Sure     Disagree     Strongly Disagree

6. Loyalty is extremely important between or among friends.

Strongly Agree     Agree      Not Sure     Disagree     Strongly Disagree

7. Despite outward differences, people want the same things: love, acceptance, and respect.

Strongly Agree     Agree      Not Sure     Disagree     Strongly Disagree

8. It's easy to form opinions about people without getting to know them.

Strongly Agree     Agree      Not Sure     Disagree     Strongly Disagree




Anticipation Guide

Synopsis: The Outsiders tells the story of Ponyboy Curtis, a fourteen-year-old boy who lives with his two brothers, all orphaned when their parents died in a car crash. He and his friends are "greasers", tough kids from the poor East side of town. Their rivals are the Socs (pronounced SO-SHIZ), the West side rich kids. When a gang confrontation leads to tragedy, Pony struggles with his feelings for his brothers, his friends, and the sense that he is an outsider.

Think About It: Why do kids join gangs?

With a Partner: Talk about how being a gang member has both positive and negative aspects.

As You Read: Pay attention to Ponyboy's thoughts on why he and his brothers and friends are greasers. In what ways is he proud?  What are his concerns? Be ready to share your ideas in discussion and writing.




Understanding Stereotypes Activity #1

What is a stereotype?


A stereotype is an oversimplified, standardized image of a person or group.

Stereotypes play a large role in The Outsiders. What do you know about stereotypes?

Read the article from the link below keeping in mind what you know about stereotypes.

There Are Some Games in Which Cheering for the Other Side Feels Better than Winning.

When you finish reading, answer the questions below:

1.     Summarize the events of this article in 2 or 3 sentences.

2.     What is unusual about Gainesville State School?

3.     Knowing where the boys on this team to to school, what do you expect them to look like?Why do you have that expectation?

4.     Read the following quote from the article and then answer the question that follows:

 “It was a strange experience for boys who most people cross the street to avoid. ‘We can tell people are a little afraid of us when we come to the games,’ says Gerald, a lineman who will wind up doing more than three years. ‘You can see it in their eyes. They’re lookin’ at us like we’re criminals. But these people, they were yellin’ for us! By our name!’"

How does the statement by the Gainesville player show examples of stereotyping?

5.     The novel we are about to read, The Outsiders, looks at the idea of stereotypes in a mostly negative way. In this novel, peoples beliefs about groups of people lead to some very bad things happening. Are there ways that stereotypes can also be positive or are they only negative? What do you think?

Click here for a print copy of the questions.




S.E. Hinton

S.E. Hinton

Susan Eloise Hinton was born on July 22, 1948 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, where she continues to live today. Early in her life she wanted to be a cowboy or a writer, and her avid reading helped her toward one of these goals. Ms. Hinton says, "I started reading about the same time everyone else did, and began to write a short time later. The major influence on  my writing has been my reading. I read everything, including Comet cans and coffee labels. Reading taught me sentence structure, paragraphing, how to build a chapter. Strangely enough, it never taught me to spell."1

According to her, it was her inability to spell that contributed to a  D grade in Creative Writing whe she was a junior at Will Rogers High School in Tulsa. It was during this same year that she finished a realistic book of fiction for teenagers. The book, The Outsiders, created a revolution in the writing of young adult novels upon its publication in 1967. For in this novel, Hinton protrayed a world realistic for many teenagers, filled with peer pressure, gang violence, social status, and parental abuse. It gave your people, used to stories of carefree innocents busy readying themselves for the big prom date, a dose of reality.

Susan Eloise Hinton became S.E. Hinton when The Outsiders was published. The concern was that boys might not want to read a book about gang life if they knew it was written by a girl. But she did know about gang life. Susan based her writing on her experiences with "greasers" and "socs" (pronounced so-shiz) in Tulsa. The characters she wrote about in The Outsiders are composites of the greasers and socs she knew, with some of herself mixed in. Although never a member of either group, she was able to represent both sides realistically in her story.

Because of her success as a novelist, she was able to go to the University of Tulsa, where she met her future husband, David Inhofe. In 1970, she graduated with a degree in education and, with David’s encouragement, finished her second book, That was Then, This is Now, in 1971. Rumble Fish was written in 1975 and Tex in 1979. In 1983, David and Susan had a son, Nicholas. Taming the Star Runner was published in 1988.

Hinton’s books have won numerous awards throughout the years, and major motion pictures have been made of The Outsiders; That was Then, This was Now; Rumble Fish; and Tex. Her success can be attributed to the realism of the characters who people her books. They come to life in the richness of her characterizations which are sincere, honest, and believable. "I’m a character writer. Some writers are plot writers...I have to begin with people. I always know my characters, exactly what they look like, their birthdays, what they like for breakfast. It doesn’t matter if these things appear in the book. I still have to know. My characters are fictional. I get ideas from real people, sometimes, but my characters always exist only in my head...Those characters are as real to me as anyone else in my life, so much so that if I can into one of them at the laundry, I wouldn’t be all that surprised."2

To hear S.E. Hinton talk about writing, follow this link: Wired for Books Website

1as quoted in "Advice from a Penwoman" Seventeen, November, 1981

2as quoted in "Notes from Delacorte Press for Books for Young Readers" Delacorte Press, winter, 1979/spring 1980

Adapted from The Outsiders, Teacher Created Materials, Inc. (c) 1992




Unit Vocabulary Preview

These are the words that will be studied in this unit. Review the list and see which words you are familiar with and which you need to learn more about.

 Section 1

 Section 2

 Section 3

Section 4 

 reputation

apprehensive 

mourning 

delirious 

 suspicious

gallant 

resemblance 

 idolized

 aloof

 indignant

 aghast

 bewildered

 rivalry

 contempt

 reluctant

 vague

 sympathetic

 sullen

 conformity

 desert




Journal Prompt

Have you ever been stereotyped? Think of the different was that you may have been stereotyped based on the way you dress, your age, or ethnicity. Write about a specific incident, describing in detail the events, your feelings and the outcome.



Novel Notebook:

Novel Notebook

While studying this novel, you will keep a novel notebook. Please keep the following in your notebook:

  1. Vocabulary Preview
  2. Each section's vocabulary page
  3. Each section's comprehension questions
  4. Grammar Notes: Pronouns
  5. Pronoun Review
  6. A chapter summary for each of the 12 chapters
  7. Understanding elements of plot novel summary
  8. Any other work you are asked to include in your notebook

 

This notebook will be collected at various times throughout the study of The Outsiders. It will be collected for one final time at the end of the novel study.



Chapters 1-3:

Section 1 Preview

The Outsiders begins with Ponyboy Curtis getting jumped while walking home alone from the movies. He is rescued by the greasers, his group of friends. All of them are poor kids who live on the East Side of town. In chapter two, Ponyboy and several of his friends go to a drive-in movie theater and meet up with some girls who are not of their social class. At the end of chapter 3, Ponyboy and his brother have a terrible argument that ends with Ponyboy running out the door and planning to run away.

Assignments for Section 1




Vocabulary

 

 Word  Meaning  Example from the text
 reputation (n)  opinion of someone or something based on what happened in the past.  "Dally had quite a reputation. They had a file on him down a the police station."
 suspicious (adj)  feeling that you don’t like or trust something.  "Johnny always had a nervous, suspicious look in his eyes after the near death beating he got from the Socs."
 aloof (adj)  acting distant, indifferent "Socs were alway behind a wall of aloofness, careful not to let their real selves show through."
 rivalry (n)  competition over a long period of time.  "The Greasers and the Socs had a long standing rivalry."
 sympathetic (adj)  showing that you understand how sad, hurt, or lonely someone feels.  Soda’s eyes can be gentle and sympathetic at one moment and blazing with anger the next.

 

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Characterization

Characterization is very important in the novel The Outsiders. S.E. Hinton, the author, had this to say about how she writes characters in her novels.

"I’m a character writer. Some writers are plot writers...I have to begin with people. I always know my characters, exactly what they look like, their birthdays, what they like for breakfast. It doesn’t matter if these things appear in the book. I still have to know."1

In chapter one, all of the greasers are introduced and described. In class, you will work with other students to complete characterization charts for each of the greasers and then write a short biographical paragraph for one of the characters.

This project has three parts.

  1. Work with the people in your group to fill in the character chart for the greaser you have been assigned. Make sure to note all of the details you can find in chapter one for the character.
  2. After completing step 1, you will be assigned to a new group. This group will have at least one person who has become an "expert" on each of the greasers. When it is your turn, share your information with your group mates and help them to fill in the chart. When you finish, all of the charts should be completed. These will go into your novel notes folder.
  3. Once each person has all seven charts, your group will be assigned one of the greasers. It will be your task to write a short biography paragraph for that character. Only one paper per group will be turned in for part 3.

Click here to print the worksheets needed to complete this activity.

1as quoted in "Notes from Delacorte Press for Books for Young Readers" Delacorte Press, winter, 1979/spring 1980




Understanding Stereotypes Activity #2

 

For each of the questions below, answer in paragraph form. There are no right or wrong answers to these questions. Just be certain your writing is well thought out and answers the questions completely. Use the back of this page or a separate sheet of paper for your answers.

 

  1. What are some of the steriotypes that exist at our school? Do people judge other people based on their friends, their activities, their ethnicity, or skin color?
  2. Have you ever looked at someone who was dressed a certain way,or who lived in a particular part of town, or who had a certain group of friends or who always earned good or poor grades...and assumed something about that person’s life or personality?
  3. Have you ever been mistreated or benefitted from a stereotype that was applied to you?
  4. In Chapter two, Ponyboy and Cherry have a conversation in which we see assumptions that can be made about each other. Pony talks about the Socs as though they are all like the guys who beat up Johnny. Cherry tries to convince him this isn’t true, using Dally as an example. She knows that Dally might intentionally hurt someone, but Pony would not.

At this point, Pony also believes that the Greasers are the only one with any problems. Cherry tells him that “things are rough all over.”Cherry seems to realize the truth, but most of the Socs and greasers do not. This leads to conflicts between the two groups.

 

Explain why you think stereotypes lead to conflicts between people and groups of people. Provide examples for your explanation.

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Read to Understand: Flashback

In Chapter 2, Ponyboy describes an event to Cherry involving Johnny and several Socs. Rather than telling the story after it happened, the author uses a flashback to put the reader there with Ponyboy and his friends. Answer the following questions about the flashback sequence in the story.

  1. Where are Ponyboy and Cherry when Ponyboy begins to tell the story of Johnny? What were they talking about?
  2. Briefly summarize what happened to Johnny in the flashback?
  3. Where does the flashback take place?
  4. When Pony stops talking, what does he remember? What does Cherry have to say?
  5. Do you think the use of flashback was effective for this part of the story? Why or why not?

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Read to Understand: Conflict

Ponyboy outlines several conflicts in the first three chapters of The Outsiders. Complete the chart below to show your understanding of each of them.

  Socs vs. greasers   Darry vs. Ponyboy  Ponyboy vs. himself
Type of Conflict  external  external  internal
Details that describe the problem      
 A quotation from Ponyboy about the conflict (with page number)      
 Reasons the conflict exists      

At the end of chapter 3, the conflict between Darry and Ponyboy takes on a new layer. What happens? How does each person react?

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Comprehension Questions

Section 1 Comprehension Questions

Chapter 1

  1. Who is the narrator in this story? From what point-of-view is the story told by the narrator? Describe him?
  2. Who are the Socs? Who are the greasers?
  3. How do Pony’s relationships with Sodapop and Darrel differ?
  4. Ponyboy tells us that Darrel grew up too fast and that Sodapop has never grown up at all. He concludes: "I don’t know which way’s the best. I’ll find out one of these days." From this, what would you suppose this novel is going to be about?

Chapter 2

  1. Are the names Ponyboy and Sodapop nicknames? Explain.
  2. On several pages, Pony tells Cherry about what happened to Johnny. What is the name of the literary device used to tell the story. Write a brief summary of the event.
  3. What does Cherry tell Ponyboy about the Socs that he has a hard time believing?

Chapter 3

  1. What does Cherry explain is the real difference between the Socs and the greasers?
  2. What does Ponyboy mean when he says, "Johnny and I understood each other without saying anything." Have you ever had a relationship wih someone who you understood, and who understood you, without having to say anything?
  3. What is foreshadowed by the last paragraph in this chapter?

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Journal Prompt

Ponyboy thinks to himself, “It seemed funny to me that the sunset she saw from her patio and the one I saw from the back steps was the same one. Maybe the two different worlds we lived in weren’t so different. We saw the same sunset.”

 

Explain this quote. What is Ponyboy talking about? What does this qupte show about his feelings toward Cherry? What does this quote show about Ponyboy's personality and character?



Chapters 4-6:

Section 2 Preview

Chapter 4 begins with Ponyboy and his friend Johnny being confronted by an angry group of Socs. They begin to fight and at the end of the chapter, Johnny kills one of the Socs. Johnny and Ponyboy seek out their friend, Dally, who helps them to run away and go into hiding. In chapter 6, Johnny decides he is going to turn himself in. Before the boys can head back to town, they discover the place they were hiding is on fire and some children are trapped inside. Johnny and Pony rescue the children, but are injured in the process.

Section 2 Activities




Vocabulary

 

 Word  Meaning  Examples
 apprehensive, (n)  Worried of fearful about the future  "After Ponyboy saw how drunk Dally was, he became apprehensive.
 gallant, (adj)  Brave and kind  The southern gentlemen in Gone with the Wind remind Johnny of Dally because they are gallant.
 indignant, (adj)  Angry because you have been insulted or treated badly  "’You’re starved?’ Johnny was so indignant he nearly squeaked."
 contempt, (n)  Extreme dislike  The Greasers have nothing but contempt for the Socs.
 sullen, (adj)  Showing that you are angry or in a bad mood by being silent or looking unhappy Ponyboy sat in sullen silence after Johnny cut his hair.

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Read to Understand: Cause and Efffect

In chapter 4, several major events occur that are started in motion by an event at the end of chapter 3. Each one builds on a previous event leading to a chain reaction that finishes with Johnny and Ponyboy in very serious trouble. Complete the cause and effect chart below showing the relationship betweeen events in the chapter. The first example, from the end of chapter 3, is completed for you.

 Event

 Caused by...

 Leads to...

 Darry yells at Ponyboy and hits him.  Ponyboy fell asleep in the park and gets home long after curfew.  Ponyboy runs back to the park and wakes up Johnny.
     
     
     

 

Where do Johnny and Ponyboy end up at the end of the chapter?

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Read to Understand: Allusion

An allusion is a reference to a literary work or historical place or even in a piece of literature.

In Chapter 5, Ponyboy recites a poem by Robert Frost to Johnny. This has meaning to both boys. Mark the poem to show figurative language: words or phrases that stand for ideas.

Nothing Gold Can Stay

Nature’s first green is gold,

her hardest hue to hold.

Her early leaf’s a flower.

But only so an hour.

Then leaf subsides to leaf.

So Eden sank to grief,

So down goes down to day.

Nothing gold can stay.

 

 

Subject: What is the poem about?

Theme: What is the poem’s meaning or message?

Tone: What is the author’s attitude toward the subject?

BONUS: What is the allusion in the poem?

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Art Connection

Ponyboy says in chapter 5 as he sits on the steps of the church alone and watches the sunrise that he wishes he "had some paint to do a picture with while the sight was still fresh in [his] mind."

When Johnny arrives, Pony recites the Robert Frost poem "Nothing Gold Can Stay" in response to something Johnny says.

Nothing Gold Can Stay

Nature’s first green is gold,

her hardest hue to hold.

Her early leaf’s a flower.

But only so an hour.

Then leaf subsides to leaf.

So Eden sank to grief,

So dawn goes down to day.

Nothing gold can stay.

  1. On a blank sheet of 8 1/2" by 11" paper, create a picture of the sunrise as  Ponyboy describes it in chapter 5.
  2. Write a two-paragraph essay discussing the meaning of Robert Frost’s poem and its relationship to Ponyboy’s present situation. Refer to Read to Understand: Allusion (Chapter 5) for help with the meaning of the poem.

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Read to Understand: Details

Making Decisions: Johnny decides to turn himself in, although Dally objects. Complete the chart to analyze Johnny’s decision.

 Factor #1 that leads to Johnny’s decision  Dally’s objection #1                                 

 

 

 
 Factor #2 that leads to Johnny’s decision  Dally’s objection #2

 

 

 

 Conclusion about Johnny

 

 

 

 

Remembering: With a partner, recall and list the sequence of events in the church fire scene. When you finish, check the book for accuarcy.

  •  Dally, Johnny, and Pony arrived and saw the church was on fire.
  •  Dally clubbed Pony on the back and Pony passed out

 

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Conflict Resolution

Near the end of chapter 6, the conflict between Darry and Ponyboy begins to find a resolution. At the end of the chapter, Ponyboy says that "everything was going to be okay now."

In your group, answer the following questions:

  1. Summarize the events at the hospital when Soda and Darry arrive to find Pony.
  2. How does Darryl react when he sees Ponyboy?
  3. What does Ponyboy realize?
  4. What does Darry say to Ponyboy? How does Pony react?
  5. What does Ponyboy say to Darry? How does Darry react?

Prediction: As a group, write a paragraph that tells what you believe the relationship between Ponyboy and Darry will be like from now on. Use examples from the first six chapters of the novel to support your answer.

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Understanding Stereotypes, Part 3

Part A: In the novel, The Outsiders, detailed descriptions are given of the Socs and greasers. Complete the chart below to show some of the differences and similarities between the two. Use at least two direct quotes from the book as examples.

 Socs    

 Both    

 Greasers

   

 

 

 

 

 

Part B: On a separate sheet of paper, use the information you listed above and write free-verse poem that describes greasers, Socs, and kids in general. Your poem should have three stanzas that begin as follows and each stanza should include a quote from the book:

A greaser is...

A soc is...

Kids are...

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Comprehension Questions

Chapter Four

1. What does Ponyboy mean when he says the Socs were "reeling pickled"?

2. What major event happens in this chapter?

3. How did the author foreshadow that Johnny would use the knife in chapter 2?

4. What would your advice be to Johnny and Ponyboy if they'd come to you for help instead of Dally? Should Johnny go into hiding? Should Pony go with him?

Chapter Five

5. Why does Pony feel bad about cutting his hair? According to Ponyboy, why do the courts cut people's hair?

6. Having cried themselves out, what mood are Ponyboy and Johnny in now? What can you infer from the crying incident?

7. The Frost poem that Ponyboy remembers concludes with the line "Nothing Gold Can Stay". How can that line, "Nothing Gold Can Stay", apply to life?

Chapter Six

8. What is the "other side" of Dally that is revealed in this chapter?

9. Why do the boys feel responsible for the fire? What is the irony of the boys action in the fire?

10. What is your definition of a hero? Do the three boys prove themselves to be heroes, according to your definition? Explain.



Chapters 7-9:

Section 3 Preview

Ponyboy is reunited with his brothers in chapter seven and is getting ready for a rumble between the Socs and the greasers. In chapter 8, he visits Johnny in the hospital and has a run-in with Johnny’s mother. He also meets up with one of the best friends of the Soc Johnny killed. Finally, in chapter 9, the Socs and the greasers rumble. The greasers win. Dally and Ponyboy go to the hospital to tell Johnny about it.

Section 3 Activities




Vocabulary

 Word  Meaning  Examples
 mourning, v  Great sadness because someone has died “After my shower, I put on some clean clothes and spent five minutes or so hunting for a hint of a beard on my face and mourning over my hair.”
 resemblance, n  People or things that are similar to each other "She was a little woman, with straight black hair and big black eyes like Johnny’s. But that was as far as the resemblance went.”
 aghast, adj  Suddenly struck with terror, amazement, or horror.  Darry and Sodapop were aghast when they saw Ponyboy’s new haircut.
 reluctant, adj  Unwilling and slow to do something The nurse was reluctant to let the boys into Johnny’s hospital room.
 conformity, n  To behave in the way that most people behave  Two-Bit fought for conformity.

 

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Sequencing Events

Directions: Organize the events from chapters 1-8 in the order they occured. Three events have been listed for you.

Event 1: Pony is jumped. Dally gives Pony and Johnny money and directions.
Event 2 Pony and Johnny fall asleep in the lot.
Event 3 Pony is jumped. 
Event 4 Two-Bit and Pony visit Johnny in the hospital.
Event 5: Darry hits Pony. Pony and Johnny go to Windrixville.
Event 6 Pony and Johnny run to the park.
Event 7 Two-Bit, Johnny, and Pony start to take Cherry and Marcia home.
Event 8 Dally, Johnny, and Pony go to the movies.
Event 9 Dally asks for Two-Bit’s switchblade.
Event 10 The Socs hold Pony’s head underwater.
Event 11: Darry, Soda, and Pony are interviewed in the newspaper. Pony and Johnny save some kids.
Event 12 Two-Bit and Pony meet Cherry in vacant lot.
Event 13 Randy talks to Pony. 
Event 14 Darry hits Pony. 
Event 15 Darry, Soda, and Pony are interviewed for the newspaper.

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Identifying Characters




Reading to Understand: Details




Understanding Stereotypes, Activity 4




Nonfiction Connection: The Psychology of Gangs




Section Questions



Chapters 10-12:

Section 4 Preview

In chapter 10, Dally and Ponyboy are with Johnny when he dies. Dally goes crazy and leaves Pony at the hospital. Ponyboy goes home and tells everyone about Johnny just as Dally calls to say he has robbed a store and is being chased by the police. His friends arrive just in time to see Dally pull a gun on the police and see him shot dead. Pony collapses and does not wake up for 21/2 days. In chapter 11, Ponyboy is again visited by Randy who talks about Ponyboy’s upcoming trial. In the end, Ponyboy goes to trial and is allowed to stay with his brothers. He writes an essay about his experiences.

Section 4 Activities




Vocabulary

     
     
     
     
     
     



Reading to Understand: Inferencing




Conflict Conclusion




Poetry Connection: "Mother to Son"




Today's Problems




Section Questions



Wrap-Up:

Final Activities

Each student will complete these assessments as we finish this novel.

 



Pronouns:

Overview




Subject Pronouns




Object Pronouns




Possessive Pronouns




Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns




Other Kinds of Pronouns




Pronoun Review