A Wrinkle in Time
Can Three Children Overcome the Force of It?
Standards Addressed in the Unit

California Content Standards
English and Language Arts
Grade Seven
ELA.7.1.0 Word Analysis, Fluency, and Systematic Vocabulary Development
Vocabulary and Concept Development
ELA.7.1.1. Identify idioms, analogies, metaphors, and similies in prose and poetry.
ELA.7.1.3. Clarify word meanings through the use of definition, example, restatement, or contrast.
ELA.7.2.0 Reading Comprehension (Focus on Informational Materials)
Comprehension and Analysis of Grade-Level-Appropriate Text
ELA.7.2.4. Identify and trace the development of an author's argument, point of view, or perspective in text.
ELA.7.3.0 Literary Response and Analysis
Narrative Analysis of Grade-Level-Appropriate Text
ELA.7.3.2. Identify events that advance the plot and determine how each event explains past or present action(s) or foreshadows future action(s).
ELA.7.3.3. Analyze characterization as delineated through a character's thoughts, words, speech patterns, and actions; the narrator's description; and the thoughts, words, and actions of other characters.
ELA.7.1.0 Writing Strategies
Organization and Focus
ELA.7.1.1. Create an organizational structure that balances all aspects of the composition and uses effective transitions between sentences to unify important ideas.
ELA.7.1.2. Support all statements and claims with anecdotes, descriptions, facts and statistics, and specific examples.
ELA.7.1.3. Use strategies of notetaking, outlining, and summarizing to impose structure on composition drafts.
Research and Technology
ELA.7.1.4. Identify topics; ask and evaluate questions; and develop ideas leading to inquiry, investigation, and research.
ELA.7.1.5. Give credit for both quoted and paraphrased information in a bibliography by using a consistent and sanctioned format and methodology for citations.
ELA.7.1.6. Create documents by using word-processing skills and publishing programs; develop simple databases and spreadsheets to manage information and prepare reports.
Evaluation and Revision
ELA.7.1.7. Revise writing to improve organization and word choice after checking the logic of the ideas and the precision of the vocabulary.
ELA.7.2.0 Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
ELA.7.2.2. Write responses to literature:
a. Develop interpretations exhibiting careful reading, understanding, and insight.
b. Organize interpretations around several clear ideas, premises, or images from the literary work.
c. Justify interpretations through sustained use of examples and textual evidence.
ELA.7.2.4. Write persuasive compositions:
a. State a clear position or perspective in support of a proposition or proposal.
b. Describe the points in support of the proposition, employing well-articulated evidence.
c. Anticipate and address reader concerns and counterarguments.
ELA.7.2.5. Write summaries of reading materials:
a. Include the main ideas and most significant details.
b. Use the student's own words, except for quotations.
c. Reflect underlying meaning, not just the superficial details.
Written and Oral English Language Conventions
ELA.7.1.0 Written and Oral English Language Conventions
Sentence Structure
ELA.7.1.1. Place modifiers properly and use the active voice.
ELA.7.1.2. Identify and use infinitives and participles and make clear references between pronouns and antecedents.
ELA.7.1.3. Identify all parts of speech and types and structure of sentences.
ELA.7.1.4. Demonstrate the mechanics of writing (e.g., quotation marks, commas at end of dependent clauses) and appropriate English usage (e.g., pronoun reference).
ELA.7.1.5. Identify hyphens, dashes, brackets, and semicolons and use them correctly.
ELA.7.1.6. Use correct capitalization.
ELA.7.1.7. Spell derivatives correctly by applying the spellings of bases and affixes.
Listening and Speaking
ELA.7.1.0 Listening and Speaking Strategies
Organization and Delivery of Oral Communication
ELA.7.1.4. Organize information to achieve particular purposes and to appeal to the background and interests of the audience.
ELA.7.1.5. Arrange supporting details, reasons, descriptions, and examples effectively and persuasively in relation to the audience.
ELA.7.1.6. Use speaking techniques, including voice modulation, inflection, tempo, enunciation, and eye contact, for effective presentations.
ELA.7.2.0 Speaking Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
ELA.7.2.1. Deliver narrative presentations:
a. Establish a context, standard plot line (having a beginning, conflict, rising action, climax, and denouement), and point of view.
b. Describe complex major and minor characters and a definite setting.
c. Use a range of appropriate strategies, including dialogue, suspense, and naming of specific narrative action (e.g., movement, gestures, expressions).