- Plot - the sequence of events in which each event results from a previous one and causes the next. Plot begins with an exposition and has an inciting incident that introduces the conflict. This is followed by rising action that leads to a climax. Then comes the falling action and finishing with the resolution.
- Exposition - Introduces the setting, characters, and important background information. Ends with inciting incident.
- Inciting Action - Event in the exposition that introduces the central conflict in the story.
- Conflict - A struggle between opposing forces. It is one of the most important elements in a story.
- External Conflict - struggle between the protagonist, or main character, and another character, animal,or force of nature
- Internal Conflict - struggle within the main character.
- Rising Action - Events in the story leading to the climax.
- NOTE: A literary piece can have multiple conflicts.
- Climax - Also called the turning point. This is the high point of the action of the plot.
- Falling Action - Events after the climax leading to the resolution.
- Resolution - The outcome of the conflict in a plot.