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Teacher Guide

Coral Reefs: Animals Never Found in a Zoo

By Michelle Chang
Meet the Author

"Why are coral reefs dying? What can you do to stop their murder?"
 Overview


  Understandings
and Standards


 Activities


 Resources


 Student Guide



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Understandings and Standards

Core Understandings
  • Organisms depend on one another and on their environment for survival.
  • In environments, some kinds of organisms will survive well, some survive less well, and some cannot survive at all.
Learning Objectives
  • Students will learn what a coral reef is.
  • Students will learn about the importance of coral reef ecosystems.
  • Students will learn what threatens coral reef survival.
  • Students will learn what they can do to help conserve coral reefs.
  • Students will present what they learned in a five minute oral presentation.
California Content Standards
English and Language Arts
Grade Three
Strand I. Reading
ELA-3.I.1.0. Word Analysis, Fluency, and Systematic Vocabulary Development
Decoding and Word Recognition
ELA-3.I.1.2. Decode regular multisyllabic words.
ELA-3.I.2.0. Reading Comprehension
Structural Features of Informational Materials
ELA-3.I.2.1. Use titles, tables of contents, chapter headings, glossaries, and indexes to locate information in text.
Comprehension and Analysis of Grade-Level-Appropriate Text
ELA-3.I.2.3. Demonstrate comprehension by identifying answers in the text.
ELA-3.I.2.5. Distinguish the main idea and supporting details in expository text.
ELA-3.I.2.6. Extract appropriate and significant information from the text, including problems and solutions.
Strand III. Listening and Speaking
ELA-3.III.1.0. Listening and Speaking Strategies
Oragnization and Delivery of Oral Communication
ELA-3.III.1.5. Organize ideas chronologically or around major points of information.
ELA-3.III.1.8. Clarify and enhance oral presentations through the use of appropriate props (e.g., objects, pictures, charts).
Grade Four
Reading
ELA.4.2.0. Reading Comprehension
Comprehension and Analysis of Grade-Level-Appropriate Text
ELA.4.2.2. Use appropriate strategies when reading for different purposes (e.g., full comprehension, location of information, personal enjoyment).
ELA.4.2.3. Make and confirm predictions about text by using prior knowledge and ideas presented in the text itself, including illustrations, titles, topic sentences, important words, and foreshadowing clues.
Writing
ELA.4.2.0. Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
ELA.4.2.4. Write summaries that contain the main ideas of the reading selection and the most significant details.
Listening and Speaking
ELA.4.2.0. Speaking Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
ELA.4.2.3. Deliver oral summaries of articles and books that contain the main ideas of the event or article and the most significant details.
Grade Five
Reading
ELA.5.2.0. Reading Comprehension (Focus on Informational Materials)
ELA.5.2.2. Analyze text that is organized in sequential or chronological order.
ELA.5.2.3. Discern main ideas and concepts presented in texts, identifying and assessing evidence that supports those ideas.
ELA.5.2.4. Draw inferences, conclusions, or generalizations about text and support them with textual evidence and prior knowledge.
Writing
ELA.5.1.0. Writing Strategies
ELA.5.1.4. Create simple documents by using electronic media and employing organizational features (e.g., passwords, entry and pull-down menus, word searches, the thesaurus, spell checks).
Listening and Speaking
ELA.5.1.0. Listening and Speaking Strategies
ELA.5.1.4. Select a focus, organizational structure, and point of view for an oral presentation.
ELA.5.1.5. Clarify and support spoken ideas with evidence and examples.
ELA.5.1.6. Engage the audience with appropriate verbal cues, facial expressions, and gestures.
Science
Grade Three
Life Sciences
SCI.3.3. Adaptations in physical structure or behavior may improve an organism's chance for survival.
SCI.3.3.a. Students know plants and animals have structures that serve different functions in growth, survival, and reproduction.
SCI.3.3.b. Students know examples of diverse life forms in different environments, such as oceans, deserts, tundra, forests, grasslands, and wetlands.
SCI.3.3.c. Students know living things cause changes in the environment in which they live: some of these changes are detrimental to the organism or other organisms, and some are beneficial.
SCI.3.3.d. Students know when the environment changes, some plants and animals survive and reproduce; others die or move to new locations.
SCI.3.3.e. Students know that some kinds of organisms that once lived on Earth have completely disappeared and that some of those resembled others that are alive today.
Grade Four
Life Sciences
SCI.4.2. All organisms need energy and matter to live and grow.
SCI.4.2.b. Students know producers and consumers (herbivores, carnivores, omnivores, and decomposers) are related in food chains and food webs and may compete with each other for resources in an ecosystem.
SCI.4.3. Living organisms depend on one another and on their environment for survival.
SCI.4.3.a. Students know ecosystems can be characterized by their living and nonliving components.
SCI.4.3.b. Students know that in any particular environment, some kinds of plants and animals survive well, some survive less well, and some cannot survive at all.