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Teacher Guide

Environmental Concerns in the Community

By Mary Howland, Beth Fensterwald, Steven Caringella
Meet the Authors

"How do we become aware of local environmental concerns and what can we do to make a difference?"

and Standards



 Student Guide

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Persuasive Essays

Instructional Time: 45 minutes a day for 4 days each week for 6 weeks.

Zanker students will be writing persuasive essays using the factual information found in their research and conclusions they have drawn about what the research says about the environment. The persuasive essays will be used as the basis for the public service announcements that the students will create in the next activity.

In order to complete this activity, students will:

1. Review the research that they conducted in the previous activity.
2. Decide on a particular aspect of the environmental concern chosen by their group, and decide on the position that they will take in regards to the concern. This position will attempt to convince the members of the students' community to take action or change an attitude towards the environmental concern.
3. Complete a prewriting activity in which the students will outline the following: their position, the evidence in support of their position--based on their research--and how they will address reader concerns and opposing viewpoints.
4. Write their first drafts based on their prewriting outlines.
5. Go through the stages of revision and editing. Students will revise and edit their own writing, participate in peer review, and submit their first drafts to the teacher for further suggestions.
6. Students will write one or more revisions. Final drafts will be submitted to the teacher and scored with a writing rubric.
7. Final drafts of the persuasive essays will be returned to students for the PSA activity.

California Content Standards
English and Language Arts
Grade Five
ELA.5.1.0. Writing Strategies
Research and Technology
ELA.5.1.3. Use organizational features of printed text (e.g., citations, end notes, bibliographic references) to locate relevant information.
ELA.5.1.4. Create simple documents by using electronic media and employing organizational features (e.g., passwords, entry and pull-down menus, word searches, the thesaurus, spell checks).
ELA.5.1.5. Use a thesaurus to identify alternative word choices and meanings.
Evaluation and Revision
ELA.5.1.6. Edit and revise manuscripts to improve the meaning and focus of writing by adding, deleting, consolidating, clarifying, and rearranging words and sentences.
ELA.5.2.0. Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
ELA.5.2.4. Write persuasive letters or compositions:
a. State a clear position in support of a proposal.
b. Support a position with relevant evidence.
c. Follow a simple organizational pattern.
d. Address reader concerns.

1.Research notesotherHardware:

Microsoft Office

Method of Checking for Understanding:
Student Work, Peer Review, Rubric/Checklist