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Teacher Guide

Unification of China

By Jennifer Ruskin
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"Which is more important: A stable or an open society?"

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Student Guide

Which do you prefer: a strict teacher who teaches well or a nice teacher who has no control over his/her classroom?

As you think about the answer to that questions, you are facing a similar dilemna to what China faced over 2,000 years ago. Today you will be reading about an Emperor who unified China, but with a high price. He punished people who disagreed with his teachings, burned books so that noone could read about Confucius or any other competing ideas. The Emperor Shi Huangdi even beheaded those who disagreed with him! In tday's lesson you will work with some vocabulary word that will help you better understand the situation China faced in 300 BCE. Then you will read the passage in Ancient Civilizations to find what Emperor Qin did to unify China and what methods he did to do so. You will use your T chart to keep track of these accomplishments and methods. Lastly, you will write in paragraph form what these accomplishments were and form an opinion whether or not his results justifed his methods

Think-Pair Share: Stability or Freedom?
1. Write in your journal on the following topic: Whihc would you rather have: a teacher that is very strict who teaches well or a teacher who is is lenient but whose class is rowdy and undisciplined?

2. The teacher will explain that this is the situation China found itself in around 300 B.C.E. Explain that China had divided itself into three warring kingdoms all of whom had different ideas about how to lead. Eventually in 221 B.C.E, Qin Shi Huangdi gained power and named himself king. His rule lead to the unification of China, though his reign lead to the rise of Legalist rule and the censorship of ideas that diverted from his own,

3. This lesson is to help you understand some of the key vocabulaty words that will be introduced in this chapter. These are the vocabulary words that you will need in order to fully understand Emperor Qin's rule: Legalism, censorship, standardization, unification, bureaucracy, and provinces.

4. First your teacher will say the words out loud and explain their meaning. Then will recieve a copy of the vocabulary squares hand-out. In the first square students you be given the definition of the vocabulary word. In the second square, you will be given two synonyms of the vocabulary word, then asked to come up with two more on your own.

5. Use a dictionary and/or thesorus to assist you. In the third square, you are given an example sentence with the vocabulary word. Then you should provide their own example sentence. In the fourth square, you will draw a picture that represents the vocabulary word. Once you have completed your vocabulary squares, you are now prepared to read Chapter 6, Lesson 4 on the Qin Dynasty.
You will need:
1.Ancient Civilizations - Book
2.Vocabulary Squares - Emperor Qin - Handout

What did Emperor Qin Achieve and How did he Achieve it?
As you are reading the section on the Qin dynasty in your textbook, Ancient Civilizations, you will be filling out your T-chart. In the first column, you will take notes as you read about what Emperor Qin accomplished during his rule. In the second column, you will take notes about what methods Emperor Qin used to accomplish these goals. After completing the reading and the T-chart, you will answer the questions at the bottom of your paper, taking your notes and answering the questions in a complete paragraph. Lastly, you are asked to form your own opinion as to whether of not you think the methods used by the emperor were justifed by his bringing peace to China.
You will need:
1.T-Chart Ancient Civ. - Ch.6 Lesson 4 - Handout
2.Ancient Civilizations - Book