Instructional Development Timeline

Instructional Development matured as a field of its own during the 1970s.


  • Criterion Referenced Instruction (CRI) is introduced. Developed by Robert Mager it is a comprehensive set of methods for the design and delivery of training programs.
  • Graduate Education programs focusing on instructional systems design grew
  • Proliferation of ID models - addition of needs assessment
  • Existing association of professionals were redefined (i.e. AECT)
  • Journal of Instructional Development founded
  • (1976) Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak design the Apple I

Existing associations of professionals were redefined

  • NEA’s Department of audiovisual Instruction became the independent Association of Educational Communications and Technology
  • National Society for Programmed Instruction became National Society for Performance and Instruction