Instructional Development Timeline

As the 50s brought competition between the United States and the Soviet Union, the 80s rival in terms of technological advancement and superpower status turned towards Japan and West Germany. As a result American schools shifted to a Cognitive domain.


  • (1980) Seymour Papert publishes Mindstorms
  • (1983) MD Merrill established The Component Display Theory. Component Display Theory specifies four primary presentation forms: rules, examples, recall and practice as well as prerequisites, objectives, helps, mnemonics, and feedback.
  • (1983) Howard Gardner publishes Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences
  • (1984) Apple Macintosh computer introduced
  • (1984) David Kolb publishes Experiential Learning: Experiences as the Source of Learning and Development
  • (1987) Hypercard develped by Bill Atkinson
  • growth of users of microcomputers/personal computers
  • computer-based instruction
  • adoption of instructional systems development by American businesses
  • expansion of systems concept - performance technology
  • Larry Cuban writes How Teachers Taught: Constancy and Change in American Classrooms 1880-1980