K-1 Library
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1st Grade Model Standards

The Standards

The model school library standards for students incorporate information literacy (the ability to access, evaluate and use information effectively) and digital literacy (the ability to use digital technology, communications tools, or networks, to access, manage, integrate, evaluate, create, and communicate) to enable students to function in a knowledge-based economy and society. They describe what students should know and be able to do by the end of first grade.

The standards are organized around four overarching concepts with detailed standards that each student is expected to have successfully achieved by the end of a grade level (or school year). In addition, students are expected to have mastered the standards for previous grades and continue to use those skills and knowledge as they advance in school.

School library standards align to many of the academic content standards and are best learned through the content. The following model school library content standards were adopted by the California State Board of Education on September 16, 2010.


Model School Library Content Standards
Grade One
1. Students Access Information
1.1    Recognize the need for information:
1.1.a    Understand that printed and digital materials provide information by identifying meaning from more complex symbols and pictures
1.2    Formulate appropriate questions:
1.2.a    Ask who, what, when, where, and how questions
1.3    Identify and locate a variety of resources online and in other formats using effective search strategies:
1.3.a    Understand how to locate, check out, and care for a variety of library resources both print and digital
1.3.b    Alphabetize to the first letter to locate books in the library
1.3.c    Identify basic digital devices and parts of a computer (e.g., DVD player, remote control, digital camera, monitor, power button, keyboard, mouse)
1.3.d    Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book, in print and digital formats, and compare and contrast the differences
1.3.e    Identify the services and resources of the public library
1.3.f    Demonstrate correct procedures to turn computer on and off, and open and close applications
1.3.g    Identify characteristics of fiction and nonfiction
1.4    Retrieve information in a timely, safe and responsible manner:
1.4.a    Identify the need to request assistance from a trusted adult if the information source makes the student uncomfortable

2. Students Evaluate Information
2.1    Determine relevance of information:
2.1.a    Connect the information and events found in print, media, and digital resources to prior knowledge
2.2    Assess comprehensiveness, currency, credibility, authority, and accuracy of resources:
2.2.a    Know the difference between the roles of media to inform and entertain
2.3    Consider the need for additional information:
2.3.a    Determine if additional information is needed to answer the questions

3. Students Use Information
3.1    Demonstrate ethical, legal, and safe use of information in print, media, and digital resources:
3.1.a    Describe the roles of authors and illustrators and their contribution to print and digital materials
3.1.b    Understand that the Internet is a way a computer is connected to the rest of the world
3.2    Draw conclusions and make informed decisions:
3.2.a    Organize information in a logical sequence
3.3    Use information and technology creatively to answer a question, solve a problem, or enrich understanding:
3.3.a    Communicate understanding by using at least once fact and/or photograph found in a current and credible source

4. Students Integrate Information Skills Into All Areas of Learning
4.1    Read widely and use various media for information, personal interest, and life-long learning:
4.1.a    Read a good representation of grade-level-appropriate text making progress toward the goal of reading 500,000 words annually by grade four (e.g., classic and contemporary literature, magazines, newspapers, online information)
4.1.b    Read poems, rhymes, songs, and stories
4.2    Seek, produce and share information:
4.2.a    Share information orally and creatively with peers and other audiences
4.3    Appreciate and respond to creative expressions of information:
4.3.a    Recollect, talk, and write about materials read