K-1 Library
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K Model Standards

The Standards

The model school library standards for students incorporate information literacy (the ability to access, evaluate, and use information effectively) and digital literacy (the ability to use digital technology, communications tools, or networks, to access, manage, integrate, evaluate, create, and communicate) to enable students to function in a knowledge-based economy and society. They describe what students should know and be able to do by the end of kindergarten.

The standards are organized around four overarching concepts with detailed standards that each student is expected to have successfully achieved by the end of a grade level (or school year). In addition, students are expected to have mastered the standards for previous grades and continue to use those skills and knowledge as they advance in school.

School library standards align to many of the academic content standards and are best learned through the content taught through collaboration between the school librarian and the classroom teacher. The following model school library content standards were adopted by the California State Board of Education on September 16, 2010.


Model School Library Content Standards

1. Students Access Information
1.1    Recognize the need for information:
1.1.a    Understand the concept that printed and digital materials provide information by identifying meaning from simple symbols and pictures
1.2    Formulate appropriate questions:
1.2.a    Ask questions that may be answered by available resources
1.3    Identify and locate a variety of resources online and in other formats using effective search strategies:
1.3.a    Locate the school library and the library resources
1.3.b    Know how, and be able, to check out resources from the school library responsibly
1.3.c    Identify two sources of information that may provide an answer to an identified question with guidance
1.3.d    Distinguish fact from fiction (e.g., “Does this happen in real life?”)
1.3.e    Identify who to ask for help in the school library
1.3.f    Describe the general organization of the library
1.3.g    Identify types of everyday print and digital materials such as story books, poems, newspapers, periodicals, signs, and labels
1.4    Retrieve information in a timely, safe and responsible manner:
1.4.a    Practice responsible use and care of all learning resources

2. Students Evaluate Information
2.1    Determine relevance of information:
2.1.a    Connect the information and events in print, media and digital resources to life experiences
2.2    Assess comprehensiveness, currency, credibility, authority, and accuracy of resources:
2.2.a    Identify basic facts and ideas in what was read, heard, seen, or voiced
2.3    Consider the need for additional information:
2.3.a    Recognize that a trusted adult is a resource for information

3. Students Use Information
3.1    Demonstrate ethical, legal, and safe use of information in print, media, and digital resources:
3.1.a    Understand the need to adhere to privacy and safety guidelines
3.1.b    Understand the need to ask a trusted adult permission when asked to provide personal information in person, on a form, or online
3.2    Draw conclusions and make informed decisions:
3.2.a    Participate in completion of a graphic organizer with multi-faceted aspects of a topic
3.3    Use information and technology creatively to answer a question, solve a problem, or enrich understanding:
3.3.a    Use a picture or other visual content when telling a story

4. Students Integrate Information Skills Into All Areas of Learning
4.1    Read widely and use various media for information, personal interest, and life-long learning:
4.1.a    Read or be read to from a variety of sources
4.1.b    Identify a personal interest and possible information resources to learn more about it
4.2    Seek, produce and share information:
4.2.a    Share information and ideas in a clear and concise manner   
4.3    Appreciate and respond to creative expressions of information:
4.3.a    Understand and respond to stories based on well-known characters, themes, plots, and settings
4.3.b    Understand and respond to nonfiction