"The art of creating the illusion of depth and distance in a work of art is a complex task. How does an artist do it?"
In the following activities you will learn the vocabulary and concepts of Perspective. First we will explore the science Linear and Atmospheric Perspective in a class Keynote presentation and discuss how artist have used their knowledge of Perspective in their paintings. You will experiment with linear perspective drawing techniques creating objects in one and two point perspective. We will then go on a virtual tour of international museum websites in search of works of art that demonstrate the various concepts and rules of Perspective that we have discussed. Finally you will create a plein air drawing from observation using Linear and Atmospheric Perspective concepts.
Introduction to Perspective in Art
In this lesson you will learn the vocabulary and concepts of Perspective and begin to understand firsthand the some of the techniques artists use to create Perspective. - First we will explore the science of Linear and Atmospheric Perspective in a class Keynote presentation and discuss how artist have used their knowledge of Perspective in their paintings. - We will then return to our drawing area and attempt to draw a series of geometric objects in one and two point perspective. Once this drawing is accomplished we will also attempt to draw these shapes from a different eye level. - You will need pencils, drawing paper and straight edge (T-square and angle)
After we have experimented with the technique of drawing in Perspective we will go on a virtual tour of international museum websites in search of works of art that demonstrate the various concepts and rules of Perspective that we discussed during our Keynote presentation. 1. First we will review our keynote presentation. This is the time to ask any questions that may have come to mind during your drawing session. 2. Next you will team up in pairs and begin a web search for works of art that demonstrate the different methods of creating perspective: i.e. overlap, color and value change, size and space variation, modeling, detail and edges, converging lines, vanishing point and eye level. 3. Use "The Art From Around the World" website to find links to Art Museums from around the world and educational sites that can hook you up with additional museum and artist websites links. Have fun, search safe and don’t forget to try out some of the ’uber’ cool virtual tours. 4. Find an example you like that speaks to each of the different methods of creating perspective in a painting and save the image to your desktop. 5. Document your selections with the artist name, painting size, year painted and any other information you can gather as to the period in art, information about the artist approach to color and painting or simply information you find interesting about the artist and their work. Don’t forget to include the website title and URL address of where you found your selection! 6. Add your selection to a class PowerPoint presentation. 7. Present your selections to the class, sharing the artist information and a critique of how the artist uses different techniques to create perspective in their work.
In this lesson we take the examples we found of Perspective in art from our Webquest and insert them into a class Perspective Library notating the elements of perspective they represent. Each group will present their examples to the class. 1. Scroll down to the ‘Your Perspective PowerPoint’ and click on it to download this lesson. 2. View the tutorial and begin assembling your presentation with your teammate. 3. If you have any questions ask a classmate, go to PowerPoint ‘Help’ , or raise your hand for assistance. 4. Insert all of your ‘Elements of Perspective’ examples and document them. Be sure and add the URL link to each selected artwork so your fellow classmates can access them if they are interested! Return to the websites you visited if necessary to get additional information. 5. Fine tune your presentation. Are the fonts readable. Does the background highlight your artwork or distract from it? Add transitions and/or animate your slides. Make it your own. Think what it will be like presenting this to your class. 6. Be sure and save your document (often) to your school folder. 7. Finally we will take turns presenting our findings to the class.
Now it is time for a serious attempt at creating Perspective, the illusion of depth and distance, in your own work. We will take our easels outside to draw our school and the surrounding area in perspective! We will finish with a class critique and short written quiz on the Elements of Perspective.