Reference & Citation Style Guide


Single author

Perle, George. Serial Composition and Atonality: an Introduction to the Music of Schoenberg, Berg, and Webern. 6th ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991. Print.

Multiple authors

Higonnet, Margaret R., and Joan Templeton, eds. Reconfigured Spheres: Feminist Explorations of Literary Space. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1994. Print.

Edited book

Gibbons, Reginald, ed. The Poet’s Work: 29 Masters of 20th Century Poetry on the Origins and Practice of their Art. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979. Print.

Group or corporate author

World Bank. Transition, The First Ten Years: Analysis and Lessons for Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Washington: World Bank, 2002. Print.

Chapter or essay in book

Calvino, Italo. "Cybernetics and Ghosts." The Uses of Literature: Essays. Trans. Patrick Creagh. San Diego: Harcourt, 1982. 3-27. Print.

Article from a reference book

Loizou, Andros. "Theories of Justice: Rawls." Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics. Ed. Ruth Chadwick. Vol. 4. San Diego: Academic Press, 1998. Print.


Note: for standard, familiar reference works, such as the Encyclopaedia Britannica, do not list the full publishing information, just the year of publication. If you are using more than one volume of a multi-volume work, give number of volumes (x vols.) before place of publication. If you are using only one volume, use the example above. For greater detail, see section 5.5.14 of the MLA Handbook.