ITEC 800 Research Project
Video vs. Text
Relevant Primary Research

1. Alty, J. L. (1999). Multimedia and process control interfaces: Signals or noise? Transactions of the Institute of Measurement and Control, 21(4/5), 181–190.

2. Alty, J. L. (2002). Dual coding theory and education: Some media experiments to examine the effects of different media on learning. In Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 2002: World conference on educational multimedia, hypermedia and telecommunications, June 24–29, 2002, Denver, CO, USA. Keynote, pp. 42–47


3. Cox, J. R. (2011). Enhancing Student Interactions with the Instructor and Content Using Pen-Based Technology, YouTube Videos, and Virtual Conferencing. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education, 39(1), 4-9. 


4. de Boer, J., Kommers, P. M., & de Brock, B. (2011). Using Learning Styles and Viewing Styles in Streaming Video. Computers & Education, 56(3), 727-735. 

5. Garcia-Barriocanal, E., Sicilia, M., Sanchez-Alonso, S., & Lytras, M. (2011). Semantic Annotation of Video Fragments as Learning Objects: A Case Study with "YouTube" Videos and the Gene Ontology. Interactive Learning Environments, 19(1), 25-44. 

6. Gramss, D., & Struve, D. (2009). Instructional videos for supporting older adults who use interactive systems. Educational Gerontology, 35(2), 164-176. 

7. Hirumi, A., Appelman, B., Rieber, L., & Van Eck, R. (2010). Preparing Instructional Designers for Game-Based Learning: Part III. Game Design as a Collaborative Process. TechTrends: Linking Research and Practice to Improve Learning, 54(5), 38-45. 

8. Liaw, S. (2004). Considerations for Developing Constructivist Web-Based Learning. International Journal of Instructional Media, 31(3), 309.


9. Mayer, R. E. (1997). Multimedia learning: are we asking the right questions? Educational 
Psychologist, 32, 1–19.

10. Mayer,R. E.& Anderson, R. B. (1992). The instructive animation: helping students to build 
connections between words and pictures in multimedia learning. Journal of Educational 
Psychology, 84, 444–452. 

11. Mayer,R. E.& Moreno, R. (1998). A cognitive theoryof multimedia learning: implications for 
design principles. In N. H. Naryanan, Ed. Electronic Proceedings of the CHI ’98 Workshop 
on Hyped-media to Hyper-media: Toward Theoretical Foundations of Design, Use and 
Evaluation, available at

12. Mayer,R. E.& Sims, V. K. (1994). For whom is a picture worth a thousand words? Extensions 
of a dual-coding theoryof multimedia learning. Journal of Educational Psychology, 86, 


13. Mayer, R. E., & Moreno, R. (1998). A Split-Attention Effect in Multimedia Learning: Evidence for Dual Processing Systems in Working Memory. Journal Of Educational Psychology90(2), 312-20.


14. Merkt, M., Weigand, S., Heier, A., & Schwan, S. (2011). Learning with Videos vs. Learning with Print: The Role of Interactive Features.Learning And Instruction21(6), 687-704.


15.  Pang, K. (2009). Video-Driven Multimedia, Web-Based Training in the Corporate Sector: Pedagogical Equivalence and Component Effectiveness. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(3),


16. Pence, H. E., & McIntosh, S. (2011). Refocusing the Vision: The Future of Instructional Technology. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 39(2), 173-179.

17. Schwartz, Daniel L. & Hartman, Kevin (2007). It is not television anymore: Designing digital video for learning and assessment. In Goldman, R., Pea, R. D., Barron, B. & Derry, S. (2007). (Eds.), Video Research in the Learning Sciences, (pp 18-21).  Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

18. Walker, J. D., Cotner, S., & Beermann, N. (2011). Vodcasts and Captures: Using Multimedia to Improve Student Learning in Introductory Biology. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 20(1), 97-111. 


19. Keller, J. M. (1987c). Development and use of the ARCS model of motivational design.
Retrieved from. Journal of Instructional Development, 10(3), 2–10


20.  Yuen May Chan, (2010). Video instructions as support for beyond classroom learning. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences. Volume: 9, Pages: 1313-1318.