This learning unit will expose students to various elements of the Civil War. By analyzing the multiple causes, key events, and complex consequences of the Civil War, students will be able to think critically on this topic.
By the end of this learning unit, students will be able to:
- Compare the conflicting interpretations of state and federal authority as emphasized in the speeches and writings of statesmen such as Daniel Webster and John C. Calhoun.
- Trace the boundaries constituting the North and the South, the geographical differences between the two regions, and the differences between agrarians and industrialists.
- Identify the constitutional issues posed by the doctrine of nullification and secession and the earliest origins of that doctrine.
- Discuss Abraham Lincoln’s presidency and his significant writings and speeches and their relationship to the Declaration of Independence, such as his “House Divided” speech (1858), Gettysburg Address (1863), Emancipation Proclamation (1863), and inaugural addresses (1861 and 1865).
- Study the views and lives of leaders (e.g., Ulysses S. Grant, Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee) and soldiers on both sides of the war, including those of black soldiers and regiments.
- Describe critical developments and events in the war, including the major battles, geographical advantages and obstacles, technological advances, and General Lee’s surrender at Appomattox.
- Explain how the war affected combatants, civilians, the physical environment, and future warfare.